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go to sleep-I used to go to sleep ________ my bedroom light __

发布时间:2018-05-10 所属栏目:go to sleep

一 : I used to go to sleep ________ my bedroom light __

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I used to go to sleep ________ my bedroom light ________.
A.with, openB.with, onC.and, openD.in, on
题型:单选题难度:中档来源:不详

B
go to sleep 睡觉 with my bedroom light on (介词短语作伴随状况状语)卧室灯亮着 意思:我开灯睡觉。Open为及物动词,不能单独用在句尾。


考点:

考点名称:介词介词:
是一种用来表示词与词、词与句之间的关系的虚词,在句中不能单独作句子成分。
介词后面一般有名词代词或相当于名词的其他词类,短语或从句作它的宾语。介词的分类:
(1)表示时间,处所:从 自 自从 于 打 到 往 在 当 朝 向 顺着 沿着 随着
(2)表示方式:按 照 按照 依 依照 本着 经过 通过 根据 以 凭
(3)表示目的:为 为了 为着
(4)表示原因:因 由于 因为
(5)表示对象,范围:对 对于 把 向 跟 与 同 给 关于
(6)表示排除:除 除了 除去 除非
(7)表示被动:被 叫 让 给
(8)表示比较:比 和 同
上述介词中的“着,了,过”是语素,不是动态助词。

介词at, in, on的区别:
1. 表示时间,注意以下用法:
(1) 表示时间的某一点、某一时刻或年龄等用 at。如:
I get up at six in the morning. 我早上六点钟起床。
He got married at the age of 25. 他 25 岁结婚。
(2) 泛指一般意义的上午、下午或晚上以及月或年等较长的时间,一般用 in。如:
We watch TV in the evening. 我们晚上看电视。
He went to Japan in 1946. 他于 1946 去了日本。
(3) 若表示星期几或某一特定的日期,则用 on。如:
He left here on the fifth of May. 他于 5 月 5 日离开这儿。

2. 表示地点、场所、位置等,注意以下用法:
(1) 表示某一点位置,用 at。如:
We live at No 87 Beijing Road. 我们住在北京路 87 号。
The hospital is at the end of the street. 医院在这条街的尽头。
与名词所有格连用表示地点,也用 at。如:
at my sister’s 在我姐姐家 at the doctor’s 在医务室
(2) 表示空间或范围,用 in。如:
What’s in the box? 这盒子里有什么?
He lives in Paris with his wife. 他同他妻子住在巴黎。
但有时两者可换用。如:
The meeting was held at [in] the hotel. 会议在宾馆举行。
(3) at 与 in 的另一个区别是:at 用于指较小的地方,而 in 用于指较大的地方。如:
in Shanghai 在上海 at the station 在车站
但是,大与小是相对的,有时随着说话者的着眼点不同,大地方也可能用 at(比如把一个大地方看作一个点时)。如:
Our plane refuelled at London. 我们的飞机在伦敦加油。
We stopped for an hour at Moscow on our way to Paris. 我们在去巴黎的途中在莫斯科停了 1 个小时。
(4) 介词 on 用于地点,主要指在某物的表面。如:
What’s on the table? 桌上有什么?
There’s a wallet lying on the ground. 地上有个钱包。
注:在少数搭配中,也用介词 on。如:
He works on a farm. 他在农场工作。

3. 在某些搭配中,三者的区别与英国英语和美国英语有关:
in the street (英) / on the street (美) 在街上
in the road (英) / on the road (美) 在路上
in the team (英) / on the team (美) 在这个队
at the weekend (英) / on the weekend (美) 在周末
at weekends (英) / on weekends (美) 在周末
4. 有时三者的差别与搭配习惯和用法有关:
in bed / on the bed 在床上
in the tree (多指树外之物) / on the tree (多指树本身之物) 在树上

介词besides,but,except的用法区别:
1. 三者都可表示“除外”,但 besides 表示一种累加关系,意指“除了什么之外,还有……”;
而 except 或 but 则表示一种排除关系,意指“除了什么之外,不再有……”。如:
Besides his wife,his daughter also went to see him. 除他妻子外,他女儿也去看过他(即妻子女儿都去看过他)。
Nobody went to see him except [but] his wife. 除他妻子外,没有一个人看过他(即只有他妻子去看过他)。
注:在否定句中,besides 也表示“除……之外不再有…… ”,与but, except 同义。如:
No one passed the exam besides [except] Jim. 除吉姆外,没一个人通过考试。

2. 关于 but 与 except:
(1) 两者都可表示“除……外不再有……”,但含义上略有差别:
but侧重指意义的几乎完整性,而 except 则侧重指后面除去的部分。比较:
All are here but one. 除一个人都到了。
All are here except one. 还有一个人没到。
(2) 在现代英语中,but 的介词用法十分有限,一般说来,它只能用在下列词语之后:
① no, no one, nobody, nothing, nowhere 等
② any, anyone, anybody, anything, anywhere 等
③ every, everyone, everybody, everything, everywhere 等
④ all, none 等
⑤ who, what, where 等
Everyone knows it but you. 除你之外大家都知道。
I haven’t told anybody but you. 除你之外,我没告诉任何人。
No one but he [him] showed much interest in it. 除他之外没有一个人对此有很大兴趣。
一般说来,若没有出现上述词汇,就不宜使用介词 but,否则可能造成错句。但是 except 却没有以上限制。比较:
正:The window is never opened except in summer. 除夏天外,这扇窗户从不打开。
误:The window is never opened but in summer.
(3) but 一定不能用于句首,except 通常不用于句首:
除我之外每个人都累了。
正:Everyone is tired but (except) me.
正:Everyone but (except) me is tired.
误:But (Except) me, everyone is tired.
注:except for 可用于句首,表示 except 的意思:
正:Except for me, everyone is tired.

3. 关于 except 与 except for:
except 主要用来谈论同类的东西,而 except for 则主要用来谈论不同类的东西,有时含有惋惜之意。如:
All compositions are well written except yours. 除了你的作文外,其他的作文都写得很好。
His composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes. 他的作文写得不错,只是有几处拼写错误。
注:若用于句首,则 except for 与 except 同义(但 except 通常不用于句首)。

4. 关于 except for 与 but for:
except for 主要表示排除,but for 主要表示一种虚拟条件(与虚拟语气连用)。如:
Except for me, everyone passed the exam. 除了我之外,大家都通过了考试。
But for my help, she would not have passed the exam. 若不是我的帮助,她就不会通过考试。
But for the atmosphere plants would die. 如果没有大气,植物就会死亡。
5. besides 除用作介词外,还用作副词,其意为“此外”、“而且”,可用于分句句首(通常用逗号隔开)或句尾。如:
I don’t want to go; besides, I’m too tired. 我不想去,而且我也太累了。
This car belongs to Smith, and he has two others besides. 这部车是史密斯的,此外他还有两部。

介词的用法口诀:

早、午、晚要用in,at黎明、午夜、点与分。

年、月、年月、季节、周,阳光、灯、影、衣、冒in。

将来时态in。。。以后,小处at大处in。

有形with无形by,语言、单位、材料in。

特征、方面与方式,心情成语惯用in。

介词at和to表方向,攻击、位置、恶、善分。

日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早、午、晚,

收音、农场、值日on,关于、基础、靠、着论。

着、罢、出售、偷、公、假,故意、支付、相反,准。

特定时日和“一……就”,on后常接动名词。

年、月、日加早、午、晚,of之前on代in。

步行、驴、马、玩笑on,cab,carriage则用in。

at山脚、门口、在当前,速、温、日落、价、核心。

工具、和、同随with,具有、独立、就、原因。

就……来说宾译主,对、有、方状、表细分。

海、陆、空、车、偶、被by,单数、人类knowtoman。

this、that、tomorrow,yesterday,next、last、one。

接年、月、季、星期、周,介词省略已习惯。

over、under正上下,above、below则不然,

若与数量词连用,混合使用亦无关。‘

beyond超出、无、不能,against靠着,对与反。

besides,except分内外,among之内along沿。

同类比较except,加for异类记心间。

原状becauseof,、owingto、dueto表语形容词

under后接修、建中,of、from物、化分。

before、after表一点,ago、later表一段。

before能接完成时,ago过去极有限。

since以来during间,since时态多变换。

与之相比beside,除了lastbutone。

复不定for、找、价、原,对、给、段、去、为、作、赞。

快到、对、向towards,工、学、军、城、北、上、南。

butfor否定用虚拟,复合介词待后言。

ing型由于鉴,除了除外与包合。

之后、关于、在。。。。。。方面,有关介词须记全。

in内to外表位置,山、水、国界to在前。

考点名称:介词短语介词短语:
介词是一种用来表示词与词, 词与句之间的关系的词。在句中不能单独作句子成分。
介词后面一般有名词代词或相当于名词的其他词类,短语或从句作它的宾语。介词与它的宾语构成介词词组,在句中作状语,表语,补语,定语或介词宾语。例如:at ,in, on, to
介词短语在句中可以作状语,定语,表语,补足语等。
1. 作表语
例如:It was in 2005 in Beijing.
2. 作宾语补足语
例如:He found his dog outside the station.
3. 作后置定语
例如:I even store them in boxes under my bed.
4. 作状语
例如:You are supposed to put your bread on your plate. 常见介词用法:
1)at,in,on在……范围
at (1)表示在小地方; (2)表示“在……附近,旁边”
in (1)表示 在大地方; (2)表示“在…范围之内”。
on 表示毗邻,接壤
to 表示在……范围外,不强调是否接壤
He arrived at the station at ten.
He is sitting at the desk.
He arrived in Shanghai yesterday.
Jiangsu lies in the east of China.
Russia live on the north of China.
Fujian is to the south of Jiangsu Province.

2)above, over, on 在……上
above 指在……上方,不强调是否垂直,与 below相对;
over指垂直的上方,与under相对,但over与物体有一定的空间,不直接接触。
on表示某物体上面并与之接触。
The bird is flying above my head.
There is a bridge over the river.
He put his watch on the desk.

3)below, under 在……下面
under表示在…正下方
below表示在……下,不一定在正下方
There is a cat under the table.
Please write your name below the line.

介词短语组织形式及实例:
一、介词+名词形式
第一组
by accident 偶然
on account of 因为,由于
in addition 另外
in addition to 除 …… 之外
in the air 在流行中,在传播中
on (the/an) average 平均,一般来说
on the basis of 根据,在 …… 的基础上
at (the) best 充其量,至多
for the better 好转,改善
on board 在船 ( 车、飞机 ) 上
out of breath 喘不过气来
on business 因公,因事
in any case 无论如何,总之
in case of 假使,万一
in case 假如,以防 ( 万一 ) 免得
in no case 决不
第二组
by chance 偶然,碰巧
in charge (of) 负责,主管
(a) round the clock 昼夜不停地
in common 共用,共有,共同
in conclusion 最后,总之
on condition that 在 …… 条件下
in confidence 信任
in connection with/to 关于
in consequence 因此,结果
in consequence of 由于 …… 的缘故
on the contrary 反之,正相反
in contrast with/to 与 …… 成对照
out of control 失去控制
under control 被控制住
at all costs 不惜任何代价
at the cost of 以 …… 为代价
第三组
in the course of 在 …… 过程中,在 …… 期间
of course 当然,自然,无疑
in danger 在危险中,垂危
out of danger 脱离危险
out of date 过期 ( 时 ) 的
up to date 时新的
in debt 欠债
in detail 详细地
in difficulties 处境困难
in the distance 在远处
off duty 下班
on duty 值班,上班
on earth 究竟,到底
at all events 无论如何
in any event 无论如何
in effect 有效;实际上
第四组
in the event of 万一,如果发生
for example 例如
with the exception of 除 …… 之外
in the face of 面对,不顾,即使
in fact 其实,实际上
on fire 烧着
on foot 步行
in force 有效;实施中
in favo(u)r of 有利于,赞成,支持 in front of 在 …… 面前
in (the) future 今后,将来
on guard 警惕,防范
in general 通常,大体上
in half 成两半
at hand 在手边,在附近
from tip to toe 彻头彻尾,完全
by hand 用手 hand down to 往下传,传给 ( 后代 )
第五组
hand in hand 手拉手,携手
in hand 在掌握中,在控制中
on hand 在手边,临近
on (the) one hand... 一方面 …… ,
on the other hand... 另一方面 ……
at heart 在内心;实质上
by heart 牢记,凭记忆
at home 在家,在国内;自在,自如
in honor of 以纪念,向 …… 表示敬意
on one's honor 以名誉担保
in a hurry 匆忙地,立即
for instance 例如,举例说
at intervals 不时,时时
at last 最终,终于
at least 至少,最低限度
in the least 一点,丝毫
第六组
at length 终于,最后;详细地
in the light of 按照,根据
in line 成一直线,排成一行
in line with 与 …… 一致,按照
at a loss 困惑,不知所措
as a matter of fact 其实,事实上
by all means 无论如何,必定 by means of 借助于,用
by no means 决不
in memory of 纪念
at the mercy of 在 …… 支配下
by mistake 错误地
for a moment 片刻,一会儿
in a moment 立刻,马上
第七组
in nature 本质上 on occasion 有时,不时
in order 秩序井然,整齐
in group to 以便,为了
in group that 以便
out of order 发生故障,失调
on one's own 独自地,独立地
in particular 特别地,尤其,详细地
in the past 在过去,以往
in person 亲自
in place 在适当的位置
in place of 代替
in the first place 起初,首先
in the last place 最后
out of place 不得其所的,不适当的
on the point 即将 …… 的时候
第八组 to the point 切中要害,切题
in practice 在实际中,实际上
out of practice 久不练习
in proportion to( 与 ……) 成比例的
in public 公开地,当众
for (the) purpose of 为了
on purpose 故意,有意
with the purpose of 为了
in question 正在考虑
at random 随意地,任意地
at any rate 无论如何,至少
by reason of 由于
as regards 关于,至于
with/in regard to 对于,就 …… 而论
第九组
in/with relation to 关系到
with respect to 关于
as a result 结果,因此
as a result of 由于 …… 的结果
in return 作为报答,作为回报
on the road 在旅途中
as a rule 规章,规则;通常,照例
in the long run 最终,从长远观点看
for the sake of 为了 …… 起见
on sale 出售;贱卖
on a large scale 大规模地
on a small scale 小规模地
in secret 秘密地,私下地
in a sense 从某种意义上说
in shape 处于良好状态
on the side 作为兼职,额外
第十组
at first sight 乍一看,初看起来
in sight 被看到,在望
out of sight 看不见,在视野之外
in spite of 不管,不顾;尽管,虽然
on the spot 当场,在现场
in step 同步,合拍
out of step 步调不一致,不协调
in stock 现有,备有
in sum 总而言之
in tears 流着泪,含泪,哭
in terms of 依据,按照;用 …… 措词
for one thing 首先,一则
on the second thoughts 经重新考虑,一转念
at a time 每次,一次
at no time 从不,决不
at one time 同时,曾经,从前曾

二、动词+名词形式
第一组
have/gain access to 可以获得
take...into account 考虑
gain/have an advantage over 胜过,优于
pay the way for 为 …… 铺平道路
take advantage of 利用,趁 …… 之机
pay attention to 注意
do/try one's best 尽力,努力
get the best of 胜过
make the best of 充分利用,妥善处理
get the better of 打败,致胜
catch one's breath 屏息,歇口气
take care 小心,当心
take care of 照顾,照料
take a chance 冒险一试
take charge of 担任,负责
keep company with 与 …… 交往,与 ……
take delight in 以 …… 为乐
with delight 欣然,乐意地
第二组
make a/the difference 有影响,很重要
carry/bring into effect 使生效,使起作用
put into effect 实行,生效
come/go into effect 生效,实施
take effect 生效,起作用
catch one's eye 引人注目
keep an eye on 留意,照看
make a face 做鬼脸
find fault 埋怨,挑剔
catch fire 着火
come/go into force 生效,实施
make friends 交朋友,友好相处
be friends with 对 …… 友好,与 …… 交上朋友
make fun of 取笑,嘲弄
keep one's head 保持镇静
lost one's head 不知所措
第三组
lose heart 丧失勇气,失去信心
get/learn by heart 记住,背诵
get hold of 抓住,掌握
keep house 管理家务,做家务
throw/cast light on 使明白,阐明
bear/keep in mind 记住
have in mind 记住,考虑到,想到
make up one's mind 下决心
come/go into operation 使投入生产,使运转
put in order 整理,检修
keep/hold pace with 跟上,与 …… 同步
play a part 起作用
take place 发生,进行
take the place of 代替
come to the point 说到要点,扼要地说
bring/carry into practice 实施,实行
第四组
make progress 进步,进展
give rise to 引起,使发生
make sense 讲得通,有意义
catch the sight of 发现,突然看见
(go) on the stage 当演员
take one's time 不急不忙,从容进行
keep in touch 保持联系
keep track 通晓事态,注意动向
lose track 失去联系
make use of 利用
put to use 使用,利用
give way 让路,让步
lead the way 带路,引路
make one's way 前进,进行
make way 让路,开路
keep one's word 遵守诺言
第五组
act on 作用
appeal to 呼吁,要求
attempt at 企图,努力
attitude to/towards 态度,看法
a great/good deal of 大量 ( 的 ) ,许多 ( 的 )
influence on 影响
interference in 干涉
interference with 妨碍,打扰
第六组
introduce to 介绍
a lot (of) 许多 ( 的 ) ,大量 ( 的 )
lots of 大量,很多
fall in love with 相爱,爱上
a matter of( 关于 ……) 的问题
a number of 若干,许多
reply to 回答,答复
a series of 一系列,一连串
英语常考词语固定搭配(四)
第七组
trolley bus 电车
I. D. card 身份证
credit card 信用卡
no doubt 无疑,必定
next door 隔壁
out of doors 在户外
face to face 面对面地
as matter of fact 实际情况,真相
a few 有些,几个
quite a few 还不少,有相当数目的
a little 一点,稍微,一些,少许
little by little 逐渐地
quite a little 相当多,不少
no matter 无论
the moment (that) 一 …… 就
no more 不再
第八组
fair play 公平竞赛;公平对待
in demand 有需要,销路好
rest room 厕所,盥洗室
primary school 小学
side by side 肩并肩,一个挨一个
heart and soul 全心全意
step by step 逐步
ahead of time 提前
all the time 一直,始终
once upon a time 从前
once in a while 偶尔,有时
no wonder 难怪,怪不得
word for word 逐字地
decline with thanks 婉言谢绝

三、介词+介词形式
第一组
account for 说明 ( 原因等 )
aim at 瞄准,针对
allow for 考虑到
appeal to 呼吁,要求
arrive at 达成,得出
ask after 询问,问候
ask for 请求,要求
attach to 附属于,隶属于
begin with 从开始
break into 闯入
break off 断绝,结束
break through 突破
break up 中止,结束;打碎,折断
bring about 带来,造成
bring down 打倒,挫伤;降低
bring forth 产生,提上
第二组
bring forward 提出
bring out 使出现;公布;出版
bring up 教育,培养,使成长
build up 积累;堵塞;树立,逐步建立;增进;锻炼
call for 邀请;要求;需求
call forth 唤起,引起;振作起,鼓起
call off 放弃,取消
catch at 抓住 ( 东西 )
call on/upon 访问,拜访;号召,呼吁
call up 召集,动员;打电话
care for 照管,关心;喜欢,意欲
carry off 夺去
carry on 继续下去;从事,经营
carry out 贯彻,执行;实现
come to 总计,达到;苏醒,复原
count on 依靠;期待,指望
count up 把 …… 相加
第三组
cover up 掩饰,掩盖
cut across 走捷径,抄近路
deal with 处理,对付,安排
do without 没有 …… 也行
fill in/out 填充,填写
get at 得到,接近;意思是
get into 进入,陷入
go after 追求
go into 进入;研究,调查
go for 竭力想取得;喜爱;支持,拥护
go through 经历,经受;详细检查
go with 伴随,与 …… 协调
go without 没有 …… 也行
improve on 改进
keep to 保持,坚持
lie in 在于
live up to 不辜负
第四组
live on/by 靠 …… 生活,以 …… 为食
live through 度过,经受过
look after 照管,照料
look at 看望,注视
look for 寻找,寻求
look into 调查,观察,过问;窥视
look over 检查,查看,调查
look through 仔细查看,浏览,温习
make for 走向,驶向;有助于
occur to 被想到,被想起
play with 以 …… 为消遣,玩弄
refer to 参考,查阅,涉及,提到
run for 竞选
run into 撞上,偶然碰见
see to 注意,负责,照料,修理
send for 派人去请,召唤;索取
第五组
send in 呈报,递交,送来
serve as 作为,用作
set aside 挑出,拨出,留出;拒绝
sit for 参加
stand by 支持,帮助;袖手旁观
stand for 代替,代表,意味着
stand against 反抗,抵抗
stick to 坚持,忠于,信守
take after 与 …… 相像
take for 把 …… 认为是,把 …… 看成是
take in 接受,吸收;了解,理解
take to 喜欢,亲近
touch on 关系到,涉及
turn into 变成
turn to 变成;求助于,借助于
turn off 关上;出产;解雇

四、动词+介词形式
第一组
break down 损坏,分解,瓦解
break in 闯入;打断,插嘴
break out 逃出;突然发生,爆发
bring to 使恢复知觉
burn out 烧掉
burn up 烧起来,旺起来;烧完
catch on 理解,明白
check in 办理登记手续
check out 结账后离开;检验,核查
check up (on) 校对,检查,检验
cheer up 使高兴,使振奋
clear away 扫除,收拾
clear up 收拾;澄清;放晴
make it clear that 弄清楚
come off 实现,成功,奏效
come on 请,来吧,快点;开始,出场,上演
come out 出版;出现,显露;结果是
第二组
come round (around) 来访,前来;苏醒,复原
come through 经历,脱险
come up 走近,上来;发生,被提出
cross out 删去,取消
cut back 削减,减少
cut down 削减,降低
cut in( 汽车 ) 抢道;插嘴,打断
cut off 切断;删去;停止
cut out 删除
cut short 突然停止
die down 渐渐消失,平息
die out 消失,灭绝
draw in( 火车、汽车 ) 到站
draw up 写上,画上;草拟;停住
dress up 穿上盛装,打扮得很漂亮
drop by/in 顺便来访
dry out 干透,使干
dry up 干涸,枯竭
第三组
drop off 减弱,减少
drop out 退出,离队
fall behind 落后
fall out 争吵;结果是
fall through 落空,失败
feed in 输入
find out 查明
get across 解释清楚,使人了解
get around/round 走动,旅行; ( 消息 ) 传开
get away 逃脱,离开
get by 通过,经过
get down 从 …… 下来;写下
get in 进入;收获,收集
get off 从 …… 下来;离开,动身,开始
get over 克服; ( 从病中 ) 恢复过来
get through 结束,完成;接通电话
have got to (do) 不得不,必须
第四组
get together 集合,聚集
get up 起床;增加,增强
give away 泄露;分送
give back 送还,恢复
give in 交上;投降,屈服
give off 放出,释放
give out 分发,放出
give up 停止,放弃
go ahead 开始,前进;领先
go by 过去
go down 下降,降低;被载入,传下去
go off 爆炸,发射;动身,离开
go out 外出;熄灭
go over 检查,审查;复习,重温
go round/around 足够分配
go under 下沉,沉没;失败;破产
go through 通过,审查,完成
第五组
go up 上升,增加;建起
hand down 流传下来,传给,往下传
hand in 交上,递交
hand on 传下来,依次传递
hand out 分发,散发,发给
hand over 交出,移交,让与
hang about 闲荡,徘徊,逗留
hang back 犹豫,踌躇,畏缩
hang on 抓紧不放;继续下去
hang up 挂断 ( 电话 )
have back 要回,收回
have on 穿着,戴着
hold back 踌躇,退缩;阻止,抑制
hold on 继续,握住不放
hold out 维持,支持;坚持,不屈服
hold up 举起,阻挡,使停止;抢劫
第六组
hurry up( 使 ) 赶快,迅速完成
keep back 阻止,阻挡;隐瞒,保留
keep down 控制,压制,镇压;压低
keep off 不接近,避开
keep up 保持,维持;继续,坚持
let down 放下,降低;使失望
let in 让 …… 进入,放 …… 进来
let off 放 ( 烟,烟火 ) ,开 ( 枪 )
let out 放掉,放出,发出
line up 排队,使排成一行
look back 回顾,回头看
look out 留神,注意,提防,警惕
look on 旁观,观看;看待,视作
look up 查阅,查考;寻找 ( 某人 )
look in 顺便看望
make out 辨认,区分;理解,了解
make out of 用 …… 做,从 …… 得出
第七组
make up 构成,拼凑;弥补,赔偿;化装
mix up 混淆,混合,搞糊涂
pass away 去世,逝世
pass off 中止,停止
pass to 转到,讨论,传到
pass out 失去知觉,昏倒
pay back 偿还,回报
pay off 还清 ( 债 )
pay down 即时交付,用现金支付
pay up 全部付清
第八组
pick out 选出,挑出,拣出;辨认,辨别出
pick up 拾起, ( 偶然 ) 得到; ( 车船 ) 中途搭 ( 人 ) ,学会
pull down 拆毁,拉倒;拉下,降低
pull in( 车 ) 停下,进站,船 ( 到岸 )
pull off 脱 ( 帽、衣 )
pull on 穿,戴
pull out 拔出,抽出; ( 车、船 ) 驶出
pull together 齐心协力
pull up( 使 ) 停下
put across 解释清楚,说明
put aside 储存,保留
put away 放好,收好;储存
put down 记下,放下;镇压,平定
put forward 提出
put in 驶进
put on 穿上,戴上;上演;增加 ( 体重 )
put out 熄灭,关 ( 灯 ) ;出版,发布;生产
put right 改正 ( 错误 ) ,整理
第九组
put up 提起,举起,提 ( 价 ) ;为 …… 提供食宿,投宿
ring off 挂断电话
rub out 擦掉,拭去
run down 撞倒,撞沉;追捕,追查
run off 复印,打印
run over 略读,略述;辗过,浏览,匆匆复习
see off 给 …… 送行
see through 看穿,识破;干完,干到底
set back 推迟,延缓,阻碍
set down 卸下,放下,记下,记入
set forth 阐明,陈述
set off 出发,动身;引起,使发生
set out 陈列,显示;动身,起程;制定
set up 创立,建立,树立;资助,扶持
show in 领入
show off 炫耀,卖弄
第十组
show up 使呈现,使醒目
shut out 排除
sit in 列席,旁听
sit up 迟睡,熬夜
speed up 使加速
stand out 突出,显眼
stand up 站起来,耐用
step up 提高,加快,加紧
step in 插入,介入
stick out 伸出,突出;坚持到底,继续
take away 消除;消耗
take down 记下,写下
take off 拿走,脱下;起飞
take on 呈现;接纳,承担,从事
take over 接管,接办
take up 占据;开始;拿起,接收
take up with 和 …… 交往,忍受,采用

初中英语常用介词短语列举:
1)at once 立刻
2)at last 最后
3)at first 起先,首先
4)at the age of… 在……岁时
5)at the end of… 在……之末
6)at the beginning of… 在……之初
7)at the foot of… 在……脚下
8)at the same time 同时
9)at night/noon 在夜里/中午
10)with one's help 在某人的帮助下,由于某人的帮助
11)with the help of … 在……的帮助下
12)with a smile 面带笑容
13)with one's own eyes 亲眼看见
14)after a while 过了一会儿
15)from now on 从现在起
16)from then on 从那时起
17)far example 例如
18)far away from 远离
19)from morning till night 从早到晚
20)by and by 不久
21)by air mail 寄航空邮件
22)by bike/air/train/bus 骑自行车/乘飞机/火车/汽车
23)by ordinary mail 寄平信
24)by the way 顺便说
25)by the window 在窗边
26)by the end of… 到……底为止
27)little by little 逐渐地
28)in all 总共
29)in fact 事实上
30)in one's twenties 在某人二十几岁时
31)in a hurry 匆忙
32)in the middle of 在……中间
33)in no time (in a minute) 立刻,很快
34)in time (on time) 及时
35)in public 公众,公开地
36)in order to 为了……
37)in front of 在……前面
38)in the sun 在阳光下
39)in the end 最后,终于
40)in surprise 惊奇地
41)in turn 依次
42)of course 当然
43)a bit (of) 有一点儿
44)a lot of 许多
45)a little 一点儿
46)on one's way to 某人在去……的路上
47)on foot 步行,走路
48)a talk on space 一个关于太空的报告
49)on the other hand 另一方面
50)at/on the weekend 在周末
51)on the left (right) 在左(右)边
52)on the other side of 在……另一边
53)on the radio 通过收音机(无线电广播)
54)to one's joy 使……高兴的是
55)to one's surprise 使……惊讶的是

二 : I used to go to sleep ________ my bedroom light __

I used to go to sleep ________ my bedroom light ________.
A.with, openB.with, onC.and, openD.in, on
题型:单选题难度:中档来源:不详

B
go to sleep 睡觉 with my bedroom light on (介词短语作伴随状况状语)卧室灯亮着 意思:我开灯睡觉。Open为及物动词,不能单独用在句尾。


考点:

考点名称:介词介词:
是一种用来表示词与词、词与句之间的关系的虚词,在句中不能单独作句子成分。
介词后面一般有名词代词或相当于名词的其他词类,短语或从句作它的宾语。介词的分类:
(1)表示时间,处所:从 自 自从 于 打 到 往 在 当 朝 向 顺着 沿着 随着
(2)表示方式:按 照 按照 依 依照 本着 经过 通过 根据 以 凭
(3)表示目的:为 为了 为着
(4)表示原因:因 由于 因为
(5)表示对象,范围:对 对于 把 向 跟 与 同 给 关于
(6)表示排除:除 除了 除去 除非
(7)表示被动:被 叫 让 给
(8)表示比较:比 和 同
上述介词中的“着,了,过”是语素,不是动态助词。

介词at, in, on的区别:
1. 表示时间,注意以下用法:
(1) 表示时间的某一点、某一时刻或年龄等用 at。如:
I get up at six in the morning. 我早上六点钟起床。
He got married at the age of 25. 他 25 岁结婚。
(2) 泛指一般意义的上午、下午或晚上以及月或年等较长的时间,一般用 in。如:
We watch TV in the evening. 我们晚上看电视。
He went to Japan in 1946. 他于 1946 去了日本。
(3) 若表示星期几或某一特定的日期,则用 on。如:
He left here on the fifth of May. 他于 5 月 5 日离开这儿。

2. 表示地点、场所、位置等,注意以下用法:
(1) 表示某一点位置,用 at。如:
We live at No 87 Beijing Road. 我们住在北京路 87 号。
The hospital is at the end of the street. 医院在这条街的尽头。
与名词所有格连用表示地点,也用 at。如:
at my sister’s 在我姐姐家 at the doctor’s 在医务室
(2) 表示空间或范围,用 in。如:
What’s in the box? 这盒子里有什么?
He lives in Paris with his wife. 他同他妻子住在巴黎。
但有时两者可换用。如:
The meeting was held at [in] the hotel. 会议在宾馆举行。
(3) at 与 in 的另一个区别是:at 用于指较小的地方,而 in 用于指较大的地方。如:
in Shanghai 在上海 at the station 在车站
但是,大与小是相对的,有时随着说话者的着眼点不同,大地方也可能用 at(比如把一个大地方看作一个点时)。如:
Our plane refuelled at London. 我们的飞机在伦敦加油。
We stopped for an hour at Moscow on our way to Paris. 我们在去巴黎的途中在莫斯科停了 1 个小时。
(4) 介词 on 用于地点,主要指在某物的表面。如:
What’s on the table? 桌上有什么?
There’s a wallet lying on the ground. 地上有个钱包。
注:在少数搭配中,也用介词 on。如:
He works on a farm. 他在农场工作。

3. 在某些搭配中,三者的区别与英国英语和美国英语有关:
in the street (英) / on the street (美) 在街上
in the road (英) / on the road (美) 在路上
in the team (英) / on the team (美) 在这个队
at the weekend (英) / on the weekend (美) 在周末
at weekends (英) / on weekends (美) 在周末
4. 有时三者的差别与搭配习惯和用法有关:
in bed / on the bed 在床上
in the tree (多指树外之物) / on the tree (多指树本身之物) 在树上

介词besides,but,except的用法区别:
1. 三者都可表示“除外”,但 besides 表示一种累加关系,意指“除了什么之外,还有……”;
而 except 或 but 则表示一种排除关系,意指“除了什么之外,不再有……”。如:
Besides his wife,his daughter also went to see him. 除他妻子外,他女儿也去看过他(即妻子女儿都去看过他)。
Nobody went to see him except [but] his wife. 除他妻子外,没有一个人看过他(即只有他妻子去看过他)。
注:在否定句中,besides 也表示“除……之外不再有…… ”,与but, except 同义。如:
No one passed the exam besides [except] Jim. 除吉姆外,没一个人通过考试。

2. 关于 but 与 except:
(1) 两者都可表示“除……外不再有……”,但含义上略有差别:
but侧重指意义的几乎完整性,而 except 则侧重指后面除去的部分。比较:
All are here but one. 除一个人都到了。
All are here except one. 还有一个人没到。
(2) 在现代英语中,but 的介词用法十分有限,一般说来,它只能用在下列词语之后:
① no, no one, nobody, nothing, nowhere 等
② any, anyone, anybody, anything, anywhere 等
③ every, everyone, everybody, everything, everywhere 等
④ all, none 等
⑤ who, what, where 等
Everyone knows it but you. 除你之外大家都知道。
I haven’t told anybody but you. 除你之外,我没告诉任何人。
No one but he [him] showed much interest in it. 除他之外没有一个人对此有很大兴趣。
一般说来,若没有出现上述词汇,就不宜使用介词 but,否则可能造成错句。但是 except 却没有以上限制。比较:
正:The window is never opened except in summer. 除夏天外,这扇窗户从不打开。
误:The window is never opened but in summer.
(3) but 一定不能用于句首,except 通常不用于句首:
除我之外每个人都累了。
正:Everyone is tired but (except) me.
正:Everyone but (except) me is tired.
误:But (Except) me, everyone is tired.
注:except for 可用于句首,表示 except 的意思:
正:Except for me, everyone is tired.

3. 关于 except 与 except for:
except 主要用来谈论同类的东西,而 except for 则主要用来谈论不同类的东西,有时含有惋惜之意。如:
All compositions are well written except yours. 除了你的作文外,其他的作文都写得很好。
His composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes. 他的作文写得不错,只是有几处拼写错误。
注:若用于句首,则 except for 与 except 同义(但 except 通常不用于句首)。

4. 关于 except for 与 but for:
except for 主要表示排除,but for 主要表示一种虚拟条件(与虚拟语气连用)。如:
Except for me, everyone passed the exam. 除了我之外,大家都通过了考试。
But for my help, she would not have passed the exam. 若不是我的帮助,她就不会通过考试。
But for the atmosphere plants would die. 如果没有大气,植物就会死亡。
5. besides 除用作介词外,还用作副词,其意为“此外”、“而且”,可用于分句句首(通常用逗号隔开)或句尾。如:
I don’t want to go; besides, I’m too tired. 我不想去,而且我也太累了。
This car belongs to Smith, and he has two others besides. 这部车是史密斯的,此外他还有两部。

介词的用法口诀:

早、午、晚要用in,at黎明、午夜、点与分。

年、月、年月、季节、周,阳光、灯、影、衣、冒in。

将来时态in。。。以后,小处at大处in。

有形with无形by,语言、单位、材料in。

特征、方面与方式,心情成语惯用in。

介词at和to表方向,攻击、位置、恶、善分。

日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早、午、晚,

收音、农场、值日on,关于、基础、靠、着论。

着、罢、出售、偷、公、假,故意、支付、相反,准。

特定时日和“一……就”,on后常接动名词。

年、月、日加早、午、晚,of之前on代in。

步行、驴、马、玩笑on,cab,carriage则用in。

at山脚、门口、在当前,速、温、日落、价、核心。

工具、和、同随with,具有、独立、就、原因。

就……来说宾译主,对、有、方状、表细分。

海、陆、空、车、偶、被by,单数、人类knowtoman。

this、that、tomorrow,yesterday,next、last、one。

接年、月、季、星期、周,介词省略已习惯。

over、under正上下,above、below则不然,

若与数量词连用,混合使用亦无关。‘

beyond超出、无、不能,against靠着,对与反。

besides,except分内外,among之内along沿。

同类比较except,加for异类记心间。

原状becauseof,、owingto、dueto表语形容词

under后接修、建中,of、from物、化分。

before、after表一点,ago、later表一段。

before能接完成时,ago过去极有限。

since以来during间,since时态多变换。

与之相比beside,除了lastbutone。

复不定for、找、价、原,对、给、段、去、为、作、赞。

快到、对、向towards,工、学、军、城、北、上、南。

butfor否定用虚拟,复合介词待后言。

ing型由于鉴,除了除外与包合。

之后、关于、在。。。。。。方面,有关介词须记全。

in内to外表位置,山、水、国界to在前。

考点名称:介词短语介词短语:
介词是一种用来表示词与词, 词与句之间的关系的词。在句中不能单独作句子成分。
介词后面一般有名词代词或相当于名词的其他词类,短语或从句作它的宾语。介词与它的宾语构成介词词组,在句中作状语,表语,补语,定语或介词宾语。例如:at ,in, on, to
介词短语在句中可以作状语,定语,表语,补足语等。
1. 作表语
例如:It was in 2005 in Beijing.
2. 作宾语补足语
例如:He found his dog outside the station.
3. 作后置定语
例如:I even store them in boxes under my bed.
4. 作状语
例如:You are supposed to put your bread on your plate. 常见介词用法:
1)at,in,on在……范围
at (1)表示在小地方; (2)表示“在……附近,旁边”
in (1)表示 在大地方; (2)表示“在…范围之内”。
on 表示毗邻,接壤
to 表示在……范围外,不强调是否接壤
He arrived at the station at ten.
He is sitting at the desk.
He arrived in Shanghai yesterday.
Jiangsu lies in the east of China.
Russia live on the north of China.
Fujian is to the south of Jiangsu Province.

2)above, over, on 在……上
above 指在……上方,不强调是否垂直,与 below相对;
over指垂直的上方,与under相对,但over与物体有一定的空间,不直接接触。
on表示某物体上面并与之接触。
The bird is flying above my head.
There is a bridge over the river.
He put his watch on the desk.

3)below, under 在……下面
under表示在…正下方
below表示在……下,不一定在正下方
There is a cat under the table.
Please write your name below the line.

介词短语组织形式及实例:
一、介词+名词形式
第一组
by accident 偶然
on account of 因为,由于
in addition 另外
in addition to 除 …… 之外
in the air 在流行中,在传播中
on (the/an) average 平均,一般来说
on the basis of 根据,在 …… 的基础上
at (the) best 充其量,至多
for the better 好转,改善
on board 在船 ( 车、飞机 ) 上
out of breath 喘不过气来
on business 因公,因事
in any case 无论如何,总之
in case of 假使,万一
in case 假如,以防 ( 万一 ) 免得
in no case 决不
第二组
by chance 偶然,碰巧
in charge (of) 负责,主管
(a) round the clock 昼夜不停地
in common 共用,共有,共同
in conclusion 最后,总之
on condition that 在 …… 条件下
in confidence 信任
in connection with/to 关于
in consequence 因此,结果
in consequence of 由于 …… 的缘故
on the contrary 反之,正相反
in contrast with/to 与 …… 成对照
out of control 失去控制
under control 被控制住
at all costs 不惜任何代价
at the cost of 以 …… 为代价
第三组
in the course of 在 …… 过程中,在 …… 期间
of course 当然,自然,无疑
in danger 在危险中,垂危
out of danger 脱离危险
out of date 过期 ( 时 ) 的
up to date 时新的
in debt 欠债
in detail 详细地
in difficulties 处境困难
in the distance 在远处
off duty 下班
on duty 值班,上班
on earth 究竟,到底
at all events 无论如何
in any event 无论如何
in effect 有效;实际上
第四组
in the event of 万一,如果发生
for example 例如
with the exception of 除 …… 之外
in the face of 面对,不顾,即使
in fact 其实,实际上
on fire 烧着
on foot 步行
in force 有效;实施中
in favo(u)r of 有利于,赞成,支持 in front of 在 …… 面前
in (the) future 今后,将来
on guard 警惕,防范
in general 通常,大体上
in half 成两半
at hand 在手边,在附近
from tip to toe 彻头彻尾,完全
by hand 用手 hand down to 往下传,传给 ( 后代 )
第五组
hand in hand 手拉手,携手
in hand 在掌握中,在控制中
on hand 在手边,临近
on (the) one hand... 一方面 …… ,
on the other hand... 另一方面 ……
at heart 在内心;实质上
by heart 牢记,凭记忆
at home 在家,在国内;自在,自如
in honor of 以纪念,向 …… 表示敬意
on one's honor 以名誉担保
in a hurry 匆忙地,立即
for instance 例如,举例说
at intervals 不时,时时
at last 最终,终于
at least 至少,最低限度
in the least 一点,丝毫
第六组
at length 终于,最后;详细地
in the light of 按照,根据
in line 成一直线,排成一行
in line with 与 …… 一致,按照
at a loss 困惑,不知所措
as a matter of fact 其实,事实上
by all means 无论如何,必定 by means of 借助于,用
by no means 决不
in memory of 纪念
at the mercy of 在 …… 支配下
by mistake 错误地
for a moment 片刻,一会儿
in a moment 立刻,马上
第七组
in nature 本质上 on occasion 有时,不时
in order 秩序井然,整齐
in group to 以便,为了
in group that 以便
out of order 发生故障,失调
on one's own 独自地,独立地
in particular 特别地,尤其,详细地
in the past 在过去,以往
in person 亲自
in place 在适当的位置
in place of 代替
in the first place 起初,首先
in the last place 最后
out of place 不得其所的,不适当的
on the point 即将 …… 的时候
第八组 to the point 切中要害,切题
in practice 在实际中,实际上
out of practice 久不练习
in proportion to( 与 ……) 成比例的
in public 公开地,当众
for (the) purpose of 为了
on purpose 故意,有意
with the purpose of 为了
in question 正在考虑
at random 随意地,任意地
at any rate 无论如何,至少
by reason of 由于
as regards 关于,至于
with/in regard to 对于,就 …… 而论
第九组
in/with relation to 关系到
with respect to 关于
as a result 结果,因此
as a result of 由于 …… 的结果
in return 作为报答,作为回报
on the road 在旅途中
as a rule 规章,规则;通常,照例
in the long run 最终,从长远观点看
for the sake of 为了 …… 起见
on sale 出售;贱卖
on a large scale 大规模地
on a small scale 小规模地
in secret 秘密地,私下地
in a sense 从某种意义上说
in shape 处于良好状态
on the side 作为兼职,额外
第十组
at first sight 乍一看,初看起来
in sight 被看到,在望
out of sight 看不见,在视野之外
in spite of 不管,不顾;尽管,虽然
on the spot 当场,在现场
in step 同步,合拍
out of step 步调不一致,不协调
in stock 现有,备有
in sum 总而言之
in tears 流着泪,含泪,哭
in terms of 依据,按照;用 …… 措词
for one thing 首先,一则
on the second thoughts 经重新考虑,一转念
at a time 每次,一次
at no time 从不,决不
at one time 同时,曾经,从前曾

二、动词+名词形式
第一组
have/gain access to 可以获得
take...into account 考虑
gain/have an advantage over 胜过,优于
pay the way for 为 …… 铺平道路
take advantage of 利用,趁 …… 之机
pay attention to 注意
do/try one's best 尽力,努力
get the best of 胜过
make the best of 充分利用,妥善处理
get the better of 打败,致胜
catch one's breath 屏息,歇口气
take care 小心,当心
take care of 照顾,照料
take a chance 冒险一试
take charge of 担任,负责
keep company with 与 …… 交往,与 ……
take delight in 以 …… 为乐
with delight 欣然,乐意地
第二组
make a/the difference 有影响,很重要
carry/bring into effect 使生效,使起作用
put into effect 实行,生效
come/go into effect 生效,实施
take effect 生效,起作用
catch one's eye 引人注目
keep an eye on 留意,照看
make a face 做鬼脸
find fault 埋怨,挑剔
catch fire 着火
come/go into force 生效,实施
make friends 交朋友,友好相处
be friends with 对 …… 友好,与 …… 交上朋友
make fun of 取笑,嘲弄
keep one's head 保持镇静
lost one's head 不知所措
第三组
lose heart 丧失勇气,失去信心
get/learn by heart 记住,背诵
get hold of 抓住,掌握
keep house 管理家务,做家务
throw/cast light on 使明白,阐明
bear/keep in mind 记住
have in mind 记住,考虑到,想到
make up one's mind 下决心
come/go into operation 使投入生产,使运转
put in order 整理,检修
keep/hold pace with 跟上,与 …… 同步
play a part 起作用
take place 发生,进行
take the place of 代替
come to the point 说到要点,扼要地说
bring/carry into practice 实施,实行
第四组
make progress 进步,进展
give rise to 引起,使发生
make sense 讲得通,有意义
catch the sight of 发现,突然看见
(go) on the stage 当演员
take one's time 不急不忙,从容进行
keep in touch 保持联系
keep track 通晓事态,注意动向
lose track 失去联系
make use of 利用
put to use 使用,利用
give way 让路,让步
lead the way 带路,引路
make one's way 前进,进行
make way 让路,开路
keep one's word 遵守诺言
第五组
act on 作用
appeal to 呼吁,要求
attempt at 企图,努力
attitude to/towards 态度,看法
a great/good deal of 大量 ( 的 ) ,许多 ( 的 )
influence on 影响
interference in 干涉
interference with 妨碍,打扰
第六组
introduce to 介绍
a lot (of) 许多 ( 的 ) ,大量 ( 的 )
lots of 大量,很多
fall in love with 相爱,爱上
a matter of( 关于 ……) 的问题
a number of 若干,许多
reply to 回答,答复
a series of 一系列,一连串
英语常考词语固定搭配(四)
第七组
trolley bus 电车
I. D. card 身份证
credit card 信用卡
no doubt 无疑,必定
next door 隔壁
out of doors 在户外
face to face 面对面地
as matter of fact 实际情况,真相
a few 有些,几个
quite a few 还不少,有相当数目的
a little 一点,稍微,一些,少许
little by little 逐渐地
quite a little 相当多,不少
no matter 无论
the moment (that) 一 …… 就
no more 不再
第八组
fair play 公平竞赛;公平对待
in demand 有需要,销路好
rest room 厕所,盥洗室
primary school 小学
side by side 肩并肩,一个挨一个
heart and soul 全心全意
step by step 逐步
ahead of time 提前
all the time 一直,始终
once upon a time 从前
once in a while 偶尔,有时
no wonder 难怪,怪不得
word for word 逐字地
decline with thanks 婉言谢绝

三、介词+介词形式
第一组
account for 说明 ( 原因等 )
aim at 瞄准,针对
allow for 考虑到
appeal to 呼吁,要求
arrive at 达成,得出
ask after 询问,问候
ask for 请求,要求
attach to 附属于,隶属于
begin with 从开始
break into 闯入
break off 断绝,结束
break through 突破
break up 中止,结束;打碎,折断
bring about 带来,造成
bring down 打倒,挫伤;降低
bring forth 产生,提上
第二组
bring forward 提出
bring out 使出现;公布;出版
bring up 教育,培养,使成长
build up 积累;堵塞;树立,逐步建立;增进;锻炼
call for 邀请;要求;需求
call forth 唤起,引起;振作起,鼓起
call off 放弃,取消
catch at 抓住 ( 东西 )
call on/upon 访问,拜访;号召,呼吁
call up 召集,动员;打电话
care for 照管,关心;喜欢,意欲
carry off 夺去
carry on 继续下去;从事,经营
carry out 贯彻,执行;实现
come to 总计,达到;苏醒,复原
count on 依靠;期待,指望
count up 把 …… 相加
第三组
cover up 掩饰,掩盖
cut across 走捷径,抄近路
deal with 处理,对付,安排
do without 没有 …… 也行
fill in/out 填充,填写
get at 得到,接近;意思是
get into 进入,陷入
go after 追求
go into 进入;研究,调查
go for 竭力想取得;喜爱;支持,拥护
go through 经历,经受;详细检查
go with 伴随,与 …… 协调
go without 没有 …… 也行
improve on 改进
keep to 保持,坚持
lie in 在于
live up to 不辜负
第四组
live on/by 靠 …… 生活,以 …… 为食
live through 度过,经受过
look after 照管,照料
look at 看望,注视
look for 寻找,寻求
look into 调查,观察,过问;窥视
look over 检查,查看,调查
look through 仔细查看,浏览,温习
make for 走向,驶向;有助于
occur to 被想到,被想起
play with 以 …… 为消遣,玩弄
refer to 参考,查阅,涉及,提到
run for 竞选
run into 撞上,偶然碰见
see to 注意,负责,照料,修理
send for 派人去请,召唤;索取
第五组
send in 呈报,递交,送来
serve as 作为,用作
set aside 挑出,拨出,留出;拒绝
sit for 参加
stand by 支持,帮助;袖手旁观
stand for 代替,代表,意味着
stand against 反抗,抵抗
stick to 坚持,忠于,信守
take after 与 …… 相像
take for 把 …… 认为是,把 …… 看成是
take in 接受,吸收;了解,理解
take to 喜欢,亲近
touch on 关系到,涉及
turn into 变成
turn to 变成;求助于,借助于
turn off 关上;出产;解雇

四、动词+介词形式
第一组
break down 损坏,分解,瓦解
break in 闯入;打断,插嘴
break out 逃出;突然发生,爆发
bring to 使恢复知觉
burn out 烧掉
burn up 烧起来,旺起来;烧完
catch on 理解,明白
check in 办理登记手续
check out 结账后离开;检验,核查
check up (on) 校对,检查,检验
cheer up 使高兴,使振奋
clear away 扫除,收拾
clear up 收拾;澄清;放晴
make it clear that 弄清楚
come off 实现,成功,奏效
come on 请,来吧,快点;开始,出场,上演
come out 出版;出现,显露;结果是
第二组
come round (around) 来访,前来;苏醒,复原
come through 经历,脱险
come up 走近,上来;发生,被提出
cross out 删去,取消
cut back 削减,减少
cut down 削减,降低
cut in( 汽车 ) 抢道;插嘴,打断
cut off 切断;删去;停止
cut out 删除
cut short 突然停止
die down 渐渐消失,平息
die out 消失,灭绝
draw in( 火车、汽车 ) 到站
draw up 写上,画上;草拟;停住
dress up 穿上盛装,打扮得很漂亮
drop by/in 顺便来访
dry out 干透,使干
dry up 干涸,枯竭
第三组
drop off 减弱,减少
drop out 退出,离队
fall behind 落后
fall out 争吵;结果是
fall through 落空,失败
feed in 输入
find out 查明
get across 解释清楚,使人了解
get around/round 走动,旅行; ( 消息 ) 传开
get away 逃脱,离开
get by 通过,经过
get down 从 …… 下来;写下
get in 进入;收获,收集
get off 从 …… 下来;离开,动身,开始
get over 克服; ( 从病中 ) 恢复过来
get through 结束,完成;接通电话
have got to (do) 不得不,必须
第四组
get together 集合,聚集
get up 起床;增加,增强
give away 泄露;分送
give back 送还,恢复
give in 交上;投降,屈服
give off 放出,释放
give out 分发,放出
give up 停止,放弃
go ahead 开始,前进;领先
go by 过去
go down 下降,降低;被载入,传下去
go off 爆炸,发射;动身,离开
go out 外出;熄灭
go over 检查,审查;复习,重温
go round/around 足够分配
go under 下沉,沉没;失败;破产
go through 通过,审查,完成
第五组
go up 上升,增加;建起
hand down 流传下来,传给,往下传
hand in 交上,递交
hand on 传下来,依次传递
hand out 分发,散发,发给
hand over 交出,移交,让与
hang about 闲荡,徘徊,逗留
hang back 犹豫,踌躇,畏缩
hang on 抓紧不放;继续下去
hang up 挂断 ( 电话 )
have back 要回,收回
have on 穿着,戴着
hold back 踌躇,退缩;阻止,抑制
hold on 继续,握住不放
hold out 维持,支持;坚持,不屈服
hold up 举起,阻挡,使停止;抢劫
第六组
hurry up( 使 ) 赶快,迅速完成
keep back 阻止,阻挡;隐瞒,保留
keep down 控制,压制,镇压;压低
keep off 不接近,避开
keep up 保持,维持;继续,坚持
let down 放下,降低;使失望
let in 让 …… 进入,放 …… 进来
let off 放 ( 烟,烟火 ) ,开 ( 枪 )
let out 放掉,放出,发出
line up 排队,使排成一行
look back 回顾,回头看
look out 留神,注意,提防,警惕
look on 旁观,观看;看待,视作
look up 查阅,查考;寻找 ( 某人 )
look in 顺便看望
make out 辨认,区分;理解,了解
make out of 用 …… 做,从 …… 得出
第七组
make up 构成,拼凑;弥补,赔偿;化装
mix up 混淆,混合,搞糊涂
pass away 去世,逝世
pass off 中止,停止
pass to 转到,讨论,传到
pass out 失去知觉,昏倒
pay back 偿还,回报
pay off 还清 ( 债 )
pay down 即时交付,用现金支付
pay up 全部付清
第八组
pick out 选出,挑出,拣出;辨认,辨别出
pick up 拾起, ( 偶然 ) 得到; ( 车船 ) 中途搭 ( 人 ) ,学会
pull down 拆毁,拉倒;拉下,降低
pull in( 车 ) 停下,进站,船 ( 到岸 )
pull off 脱 ( 帽、衣 )
pull on 穿,戴
pull out 拔出,抽出; ( 车、船 ) 驶出
pull together 齐心协力
pull up( 使 ) 停下
put across 解释清楚,说明
put aside 储存,保留
put away 放好,收好;储存
put down 记下,放下;镇压,平定
put forward 提出
put in 驶进
put on 穿上,戴上;上演;增加 ( 体重 )
put out 熄灭,关 ( 灯 ) ;出版,发布;生产
put right 改正 ( 错误 ) ,整理
第九组
put up 提起,举起,提 ( 价 ) ;为 …… 提供食宿,投宿
ring off 挂断电话
rub out 擦掉,拭去
run down 撞倒,撞沉;追捕,追查
run off 复印,打印
run over 略读,略述;辗过,浏览,匆匆复习
see off 给 …… 送行
see through 看穿,识破;干完,干到底
set back 推迟,延缓,阻碍
set down 卸下,放下,记下,记入
set forth 阐明,陈述
set off 出发,动身;引起,使发生
set out 陈列,显示;动身,起程;制定
set up 创立,建立,树立;资助,扶持
show in 领入
show off 炫耀,卖弄
第十组
show up 使呈现,使醒目
shut out 排除
sit in 列席,旁听
sit up 迟睡,熬夜
speed up 使加速
stand out 突出,显眼
stand up 站起来,耐用
step up 提高,加快,加紧
step in 插入,介入
stick out 伸出,突出;坚持到底,继续
take away 消除;消耗
take down 记下,写下
take off 拿走,脱下;起飞
take on 呈现;接纳,承担,从事
take over 接管,接办
take up 占据;开始;拿起,接收
take up with 和 …… 交往,忍受,采用

初中英语常用介词短语列举:
1)at once 立刻
2)at last 最后
3)at first 起先,首先
4)at the age of… 在……岁时
5)at the end of… 在……之末
6)at the beginning of… 在……之初
7)at the foot of… 在……脚下
8)at the same time 同时
9)at night/noon 在夜里/中午
10)with one's help 在某人的帮助下,由于某人的帮助
11)with the help of … 在……的帮助下
12)with a smile 面带笑容
13)with one's own eyes 亲眼看见
14)after a while 过了一会儿
15)from now on 从现在起
16)from then on 从那时起
17)far example 例如
18)far away from 远离
19)from morning till night 从早到晚
20)by and by 不久
21)by air mail 寄航空邮件
22)by bike/air/train/bus 骑自行车/乘飞机/火车/汽车
23)by ordinary mail 寄平信
24)by the way 顺便说
25)by the window 在窗边
26)by the end of… 到……底为止
27)little by little 逐渐地
28)in all 总共
29)in fact 事实上
30)in one's twenties 在某人二十几岁时
31)in a hurry 匆忙
32)in the middle of 在……中间
33)in no time (in a minute) 立刻,很快
34)in time (on time) 及时
35)in public 公众,公开地
36)in order to 为了……
37)in front of 在……前面
38)in the sun 在阳光下
39)in the end 最后,终于
40)in surprise 惊奇地
41)in turn 依次
42)of course 当然
43)a bit (of) 有一点儿
44)a lot of 许多
45)a little 一点儿
46)on one's way to 某人在去……的路上
47)on foot 步行,走路
48)a talk on space 一个关于太空的报告
49)on the other hand 另一方面
50)at/on the weekend 在周末
51)on the left (right) 在左(右)边
52)on the other side of 在……另一边
53)on the radio 通过收音机(无线电广播)
54)to one's joy 使……高兴的是
55)to one's surprise 使……惊讶的是

三 : Go To Sleep:GoToSleep-GoToSleep,GoToSleep-歌词

gotosleep_Go To Sleep -Go To Sleep

[www.61k.com]eminem的作品,暴爽的听觉享受

李连杰电影《出生入死(Cradle 2 the Grave)》片头曲

典型hiphop风格

gotosleep_Go To Sleep -歌词

[Eminem]

I ain't gonna eat, I ain't gonna sleep

Ain't gonna breathe, til I see, what I wanna see

And what I wanna see, is you go to sleep, in the dirt

Permanently, you just being hurt, this ain't gonna work

For me, it just wouldn't be, sufficient enough

Cuz we, are just gonna be, enemies

As long as we breathe, I don't ever see, either of us

Coming to terms, where we can agree

There ain't gonna be, no reason, speakin wit me

You speak on my seed, then me, no speakin Englais

So we gonna beef, and keep on beefin, unless

You're gonna agree, to meet with me in the flesh

And settle thisFace To Face, and you're gonna see

A demon unleashed in me, that you've never seen

And you're gonna see, this gangsta pee on himself

I see you D-12, and thanks, but me need no help

Me do this one all by my lonely, I don't need fifteen of my homies

When I see you, I'm seeing you, me and you only

We never met, but best believe you gon' know me

When I'm this close, to see you exposed asphony

Come on, bitch, show me, pick me up, throw me

Lift me up, hold me, just like you told me

You was gonna do, that's what I thought, you're pitiful

I'm rid of you, all you, Ja, you'll get it too!

[Chorus]

Now go to sleep bitch!

Die, motherfucker, die! Ugh, time's up, bitch, close ya eyes

Go to sleep, bitch! (what?)

Why are you still alive? How many times I gotta tell ya, close ya eyes?

And go to sleep bitch! (what?)

Die motherfucker die, bye, bye, motherfucker, bye, bye!

Go to sleep bitch! (what?)

Why are you still alive? Why, die motherfucker, ah, ah, ah...

...Go to sleep bitch!

[Obie Trice]

We got youNiggaz, nervous

On purpose, to hurt your focus, you'se not MC's, you'se worthless

You'se not them G's, you'se a circus, you'se no appeal, please

You'se curtains, you use words, cool heard, slurred in two thousand third

You'se purpin, you'se no threat, who's ya servin?

We lyrically oughta bury you beneath the dirt when

You fuck with a label overseein the Earth

Shady muthafucka, O. Trice's birth

And as I mold, I become a curse

So we can put down the verse, take it to the turf

Cock and squeeze, and he who reach thehearseis he who

Depicts fiction in his verse

And as I breathe, and you bedeceased

The world believe you deceived just to speak

You'se not the streets, you'se the desk

Use not your chest nigga, use a vest

Before two's choose ya rest, you chose death

Six feet deep, nigga, that's the depth

[Chorus]

Now go to sleep bitch!

Die, motherfucker, die! Ugh, time's up, bitch, close ya eyes

Go to sleep, bitch! (what?)

Why are you still alive? How many times I gotta tell ya, close ya eyes?

And go to sleep bitch! (what?)

Die motherfucker die, bye, bye, motherfucker, bye, bye!

Go to sleep bitch! (what?)

Why are you still alive? Why, die motherfucker, ah, ah, ah...

...Go to sleep bitch!

[DMX]

Hey dog, I'ma walk like a beast, talk like the streets

I'ma stay blazin New York wit the heat

Stalk on the beat, walk wit my feet

Understand my pain, the rain ain't sweet

Peep how I'm moving, peep where I'm going

Shit don'tseep, then sleep not knowin

But I'ma keep growing, gettingLarger Than Life

Easy-going with the same one that started the fight

He be knowing how dog get, when dog gone bite

Tried to show him the dog shit, it's dog for life

Grand champ, and my Blood Line is tight

Cuz it's all good, it's all right

Niggas tried to holla, but couldn't holla back

Now theyGOTSto swallow, everything in the sac

Blood Line, and, we can go track for track

Damn dog, why'd you have to do them niggas like that?

[Chorus]

Now go to sleep bitch!

Die, motherfucker, die! Ugh, time's up, bitch, close ya eyes

Go to sleep, bitch! (what?)

Why are you still alive? How many times I gotta tell ya, close ya eyes?

And go to sleep bitch! (what?)

Die motherfucker die, bye, bye, motherfucker, bye, bye!

Go to sleep bitch! (what?)

Why are you still alive? Why, die motherfucker, ah, ah, ah...

...Go to sleep bitch!

[Eminem]

All you motherfuckers! take that!

Here, take this too, bitch! Uh, Uh, Uh, Uh, Waaaaaahoo!

We're killin all you motherfuckers dead, all you!

Fake ass gangsters! No more press! No more press!

Rot, motherfuckers, rot! Decay, in the dirt, bitch, in the motherfucking dirt!

Die nameless, bitch, die nameless! No more fame!

Ahhhhhhhhhh! Hahahaha

Yo X, come on man, Obie, let's go, haha

gotosleep_Go To Sleep -所属专辑

专集名称: Get The Guns

演唱歌手: Eminem

发行公司: 未知

发行日期: 2006年10月16日

语言种类: 英语

音乐风格: [Hip-hop]

Tracklist:

1. Countdown (0:11)

2. D12 - Get My Gun (4:34)

3. 9-11 (4:36)

4. original Soundtrack - Rap Game (5:53)

5. Words Are Weapons (3:45)

6. Welcome To Detroit (4:10)

7. 1 Day At A Time (3:43)

8. Slow Your Role (4:25)

9. Go To Sleep (4:42)

10. Say My Name (4:34)

11. Obie Trice - Defence (4:02)

12. Renegade (5:37)

13. Don't Approach Me (4:36)

14. The Sauce (3:26)

gotosleep_Go To Sleep -摔角招式

此招式为WWE的Superstar:CM Punk的招牌动作和必杀技,动作过程是先将对手举过头顶,然后旋转一星期后在对手落地时再抬腿给对手致命一击。它的简称为GTS,中文译名为“永久沉睡”。

四 : ON GETTING OFF TO SLEEP

What a bundle of contradictions is a man! Surely, humour is the saving grace of us, for without it we should die of vexation. With me, nothing illustrates the contrariness of things better than the matter of sleep. If, for example, my intention is to write an essay, and I have before me ink and pens and several sheets of virgin paper, you may depend upon it that before I have gone very far I have an overpowering desire for sleep, no matter what time of the day it is. I stare at the reproachfully blank paper until sights and sounds become dim and confused, and it is only by an effort of will that I can continue at all. Even then, I proceed half-heartedly, in a kind of dream. But let me be between the sheets at a late hour, and I can do anything but sleep. Between chime and chime of the clock I can write essays by the score. Fascinating subjects and noble ideas come pell-mell, each with its appropriate imagery and expression. Nothing stands between me and half-a-dozen imperishable masterpieces but pens , ink, and paper.
If it be true that our thoughts and mental images are perfectly tangible things, like our books and pictures, to the inhabitants of the next world, then I am making for myself a better reputation there than I am in this place. Give me a restless hour or two in bed and I can solve to my own satisfaction, all the doubts of humanity. When I am in the humour I can compose grand symphonies, and paint magnificent pictures. I am at once, Shakespeare, Beethoven, and Mchaelangelo, yet it gives me no satisfaction; for the on thing I cannot do is to go to sleep.
Once in the bed, when it is time to close the five ports of knowledge, most folks I know seem to find no difficulty in plunging their earthly parts into oblivion. It is not so with me to whom sleep is a coy mistress, much given to a teasing inconsistency and forever demanding to be wooed -“lest too light winning make the prize light.” I used to read with wonder, those sycophantic stories of the warlike superman, the great troubles of the world’s peace, Cromwell, Napoleon, and the like, who, thanks to their “iron wills,” could lie down and plunge themselves immediately into deep sleep, to wake up, refreshed, at a given time. Taking these fables to heart, I would resolve to do likewise, and going to bed, would clench my teeth, look as determined as possible in the darkness, and command the immediate presence of sleep. But alas! the very act of concentration seemed to make me more wakeful than ever, and I would pass hours in tormenting sleeplessness. I had overlooked the necessity of having an “iron will,” my own powers of will having little or none of this peculiar metallic quality. But how uncomfortable it must have been living with these ironwilled folks! Who would want to remonstrate and argue with them? It would be worse than beating an anvil with a sledge-hammer. I must confess that I always suspect the men who boast that they unvaryingly fall asleep as soon as they get it the bed-those “as soon as my head touches the pillow” fellows. To me, there is something inhuman, something callous and almost bovine, in the practice. I suspect their taste in higher matters. Iron wills apart, there must be a lack of human sympathy or depth in a man who can thus throw off, with his clothes, his waking feelings and thoughts, and ignore completely those memories and fancies which

... will sometimes leap,
from hiding-places ten years deep.
To share a bedroom with one of these fellows is to lose one’s faith in human nature, even after the most eventful day, there is no comparing notes with them, no midnight confidence, no casting up the balance of the day’s pleasure and pain. The sink, at once, into stupid, heavy slumber, leaving you to your own mental devices. And they all snore abominably!
The artificial ways of inducing sleep are legion, and are only alike in there ineffectuality. In Lavengro(or is it Romany Rye?) there is an impossible character, a victim of insomnia, who finds that a volume of Wordsworth’s poems is the only sure soporific; but that was Borrow’s malice. The famous old plan of counting sheep jumping over a stile has never served my turn. I have herded imaginary sheep until they insisted on turning themselves into white bears or blue pigs, and I defy any reasonable man to fall asleep while mustering a herd of cerulean swine.
Discussing the question, some time ago, with an old friend, she gave me her never-failing remedy for sleeplessness, which was to imagine performing some trivial action over and over again, until, her mind becoming disgusted with the monotony of life, sleep drew the curtain. Her favorite device was to imagine a picture not hanging quite plumb upon the wall, and then to proceed to straighten it. This I tried- though putting pictures straight is no habit of mine-but it was of no avail. I imagined the picture on the wall without difficulty, and gave it a few deft touches, but this set me thinking of pictures in general, and then I remembered an art exhibition I had attended with my friend T. and what he said , and what I said, and I wondered how T. was faring these days, and whether his son was still at school. And so it went on, until I found myself meditating on cheese, or spiritualism, or the Rochy Mountains-but no sleep! Somewhere in that limbo which Earth describes in Prometheus Unbound, that vague region filled with Dreams and the light imaginings of men, is the dreary phantom of an unstraightened picture upon a ghostly wall. And there it shall stay, for I have no further use for it.
But I have not yet given up all hope of finding some way of hastening the approach of sleep. Even yet there is a glimmer, for re-reading(not for the first, and, please Heaven! Not the last time) Lamb’s letters, I came upon the following, in a note to Southey; “But there is a man in my office, a Mr. H., who proses it away from morning to night, and never gets beyond corporal and material verities! ...When I can’t sleep o’ nights, I imagine a dialogue with Mr. H., upon a given subjects, and go prosing on in fancy with him, till I either laugh or fall asleep. I have literally found it answer...” There is promise in this, and we all have our Mr. H.’s, whose talk, bare of anything like fancy and wit, acts upon us like a dose of laudanum. This very night I will dismiss such trivial phantasies as jumping sheep and crooked pictures, and evoke the phantom of a crushing, stupendous Bore.

五 : go to sleep用法

go to sleep 、go to bed 、fall asleep的用法

1、As I was reading ,I went to sleep 。(www.61k.com)

我看书时睡着了。

2、You should go to bed earlier 。

你应该早点睡觉。

3、When his mother got home ,he fell asleep in his sofa。

他的妈妈到家时,他在沙发上睡着了。

4、The child has gone to sleep 。

那孩子已经睡着了。

5、He didn’t go to bed until eleven last night。

昨晚他11点才睡。

go to sleep 有两个意思,一是“睡觉”,二是“睡着”,往往含有“不想入睡而睡着了”或“不知不觉低睡着了”的意思。

go to bed 指“就寝”“上床睡觉”与get up (起床)相对应。强调动作,是终止性动词短语,并不意味当时就睡着了,He usually washes his feet before he goes to bed。他上床前通常洗洗脚。

fall asleep 也是终止性动词,强调由醒来到睡的瞬间动作,作“入睡,睡着”。

本文标题:go to sleep-I used to go to sleep ________ my bedroom light __
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