61阅读

rather than-rather than 后面接动词原形,还是动名词?

发布时间:2018-04-19 所属栏目:cad移动后原图形还在

一 : rather than 后面接动词原形,还是动名词?

rather than 后面接动词原形,还是动名词?

1 would rather do than do 中,这个句型,than 后面跟动词原形,

请问:rather than 不和would 连用时,比如 rather than 表示,“而不是”这个意思的时候,后面的的 动词 用哪个形式?动词原形?不定式,还是 动名词呢?

表示“ 而不是” 这个时候的,rather than 是做连词么?如果是连词的话,就是要求

前后结构 并列一致吧?

2 你应该出去逛逛,而不是在房间里上网 ( 这句话,如果用instead of 后面应该是动名词,如果用 rather than 来翻译的话,后面用动词原形,还是 动名词?

印象中 rather than 前面如果谓语动词是 动词的话,后面也应该用动词吧?

She left rather than stayed at home 曾看到过一个例子

.确认下.只是记不清楚了,.不用复制粘贴太多回答.

rather than 后面接动词原形,还是动名词?的参考答案

1 would rather do than do 中,这个句型,than 后面跟动词原形,

请问:rather than 不和would 连用时,比如 rather than 表示,“而不是”这个意思的时候,后面的的 动词 用哪个形式?动词原形?不定式,还是 动名词呢?

表示“ 而不是” 这个时候的,rather than 是做连词么?如果是连词的话,就是要求

前后结构 并列一致吧?

答:原形(无to不定式),有to 不定式、动名词都可以.

是的,rather than可以是平行结构的“连词”

2 你应该出去逛逛,而不是在房间里上网 ( 这句话,如果用instead of 后面应该是动名词,如果用 rather than 来翻译的话,后面用动词原形,还是 动名词?

答:这要看你句子的前面部分怎么表达了.

You should do A rather than do B.根据平行对应,用do B较好.

印象中 rather than 前面如果谓语动词是 动词的话,后面也应该用动词吧?

答:是的.

She left rather than stayed at home 曾看到过一个例子

答:是的.平行结构嘛.

下面的是我自己从书上摘下来的.供参考.

查Michael Swan 著的Practical English Usage 中prefer (483):

当prefer 和动词不定式连用时,可以用rather than 来引导另一个短语.可以有两种结构:不带to的动词不定式或者带-ing的形式:

I would prefer to spead the weekend at home rather than drive/driving all the way to your mother's.我感觉得与其开车跑那么远到你母亲那里去度周末,倒不如在家里更好些.

同一本书中,有rather than的用法,我全文摘抄下来:

rather:表示选择 (518)

rather 不仅是一个表示程度的副词,还能用来进行选择,其结构是:rather than,would rather

1.rather than

这一表达方式经常用在“平行结构”里:即与两个形容词,两个状语词组,两个名词或代词,两个动词不定式,或两个-ing形式连用.

a.形容词

I'd call her hair chestnut rather than brown.

我宁愿说她的头发是栗色,而不是棕色.

b.状语词组

I'd prefer to go in August rather than in July.我愿八月去,不愿七月去.

c.名词和代词

It ought to be you rather than me that signs the letter.在信上签署的应该是你而不是我.

We ought to invest in new machinery rather than buildings.我们应该在新机器上而不是在房屋上投资.

d -ing 形式

I always prefer starting early,rather than leaving everything to the last minute.

我总是愿意早开始而不愿意把所有的事情都留到最后才做.

【e】 动词不定式

I decided to write rather than telephone.我决定写信而不打电话.

当主句有动不定式时,rather than 后面【可跟带to的动词不定式(比较正式)】,或【不带to的动不定式】;【 也可用-ing 形式】.

I believe it is important to invest in new machinery rather than to increase wages.(或:...increasing wages).我相信在新机器上投资比增加工资更重要.

We ought to check up,rather than just accept what he says.(或...accepting what he says.) 我们应该核 实一下,而不是他说什么就是什么.

摘自《英语用法指南》P600

二 : Rather than at home alone, Lit

试题详情

Rather than at home alone,Little Tom go to the cinema that day.

A. stay; preferred B. to stay; prefers to

C. stay; preferred to D.stay; prefers to



试题答案
【答案】C【解析】试题分析:考察固定搭配。固定搭配preferto do A rather than do B宁愿做A不做B;本题只是把rather than do B提前。故C正确。考点:考察固定搭配

三 : rather than

rather than 的用法

可以名词 可以动词 可以句子

rather than而不是,与其……不如……。可作为一个连词词组,用来连接两个并列成分,表示在两者中进行选择,意为“是A而不是B”,“要A不要B”,“宁愿A而不愿B”。后面可以接名词、名词短语、代词、形容词、副词、动词、不定式、动名词等。例如:

1. 接名词

He is a writer rather than a teacher.

与其说他是教师,不如说他是作家。

John, rather than his roommates, is to blame.

要受责备的是约翰,而不是他的室友们。

The job will take months rather than weeks.

完成这项工作需要几个月,而不是几周。

2. 接代词

You, rather than she, are my guest.

你是我的客人,而不是她。

We are to blame rather than they.

该受责备的是我们,不是他们。

It ought to be you rather than me that signs the lettewww.61k.comr.

应该是你而不是我在信上签名。

3. 接形容词

The color seems green rather than blue.

这颜色似乎是绿的,而不是蓝的。

It was made shorter rather than longer.

它被缩短了,而不是加长了。

4. 接副词

The ship sank quickly rather than slowly.

船沉的很快,而不是很慢。

He usually gets up early rather than late.

他经常早起而不是晚起。

5. 接动词

He loves her rather than likes her.

他不是喜欢她,而是爱她。

She left rather than stayed at home.

她不是呆在家里,而是走了。

Rather than cause trouble, he went away .

他宁可走开而不愿惹麻烦。

Rather than have the radio repaired, he’d like to buy a new one.

与其修理那部收音机,他倒想去买一部新的。

6. 接介词短语

I'd prefer to read in the library rather than at home.

我宁愿在图书馆看书,也不愿在家里看书。

I'd prefer to do it in this way rather than in that way.

我倒喜欢这样做,而不愿意那样干。

He went to the park in the evening rather than in the morning.

他安瓿市在早上而是在晚上到公园里去。

7. 接动词+ing

She likes dancing rather than singing.

她喜欢跳舞而不是唱歌。

Rather than regretting for the failure, why not try again?

与其为失败而后悔,为什么不再试一次呢?

It is snowing rather than raining outside.

外面在下雪,不是在下雨。

She is laughing rather than crying.

她在笑,不时在哭。

8. 接过去分词

He had the house rebuilt rather than repaired.

他把房子改建了,而不是整修。

9. 接句子

We should help him rather than he should help us.

我们应该帮助他,而不是他应该帮助我们。

It was what he meant rather than what he said.

那是指他话中的意思,而不是他所说的话

rather than

rather than 一般连接两个平行的结构:A rather than B。所连接的成份可以是名词、代词、分词、不定式、句子等。注意一点:A 和 B 必须是相同的结构,即:都必须是名词,或都必须是分词等。当连接不定式时,一般情况下可省略第二个to。

John ought to go rather than Mary.

约翰比玛丽更应该去。

In China, it is important to invest in education rather than (to) increase personal wages.

在中国, 优先投资教育比增加个人工资重要。

rather than 既可接不定式也可接动名词,二者似乎没太大的差别,但后接不定式的情况更多用。后接不定式通常表示主观上不愿意。 如:We ought to check up, rather than just accept (accepting)what he says. He wanted to wunbathe rather than swim. 它的这一用法需要我们细细体会,灵活运用。

rather than 句型中句子结构总对称吗?

中学英语教材中多处出现含rather than的结构,高考中也经常出现此结构。在大多数情况下,ratherthan两侧的句子结构是对称的,但也有不对称现象。

要想真正掌握此结构,有必要对此有个详尽而全面的了解。下面,笔者就此结构中的对称与不对称现象归纳如下:

一、对称情况。例如:

1.The color seems green rather than blue.(两侧均为形容词)

2.The dictator relied on abuse of his opponents rather than on sound reasoning.(两侧均为介词短语)

3.It was what he meant rather than what he said that annoyed me.(两侧均为what引导的名词性从句)

4.They hope that reason rather than prejudice would prevail in the community.(两侧均为名词)

5.He was bolting(吞) his food rather than eating it.(两侧均为动词的过去进行时,只不过eating前省略了was)

6.These measures will aggravate(使……恶化) rather than relieve the situation.(两侧均为动词的一般将来时,只不过relieve前省略了will)

7.He should be rewarded rather than punished.(两侧均为should+动词不定式一般式的被动形式,只不过punished前省略了should be)

8.He ran rather than walked.(两侧均为动词的一般过去时)

二、不对称情况。例如:

9.Rather than cause trouble, he left.

10.Rather than allow the vegetables to go bad, he sold them at half price.

11.He insisted on staying rather than go.

许多同学对于这种不对称的现象感到棘手,甚至有些工具书也忽略了这种现象。

实际上,rather than有两种含义。第一,rather than引出的结构(B)与其前面的结构(A)相比,是说话人认为不太准确,有欠妥当的说法,意思略等于“而不是”,如上面的第1—8例。此时rather than两侧的结构是对称的,只是跟在rather than后的动词结构 常常有省略。第二,结构(B)与结构(A)相比,是句子主语不太情愿做的事,rather than大体相当于“而不愿”,如第9—11例。此-牛宝宝日记本-时无论结构 (A)种的动词是何种形式,结构(B)总是用动词原形。

在中学英语教材中,类似这样的结构比较多。作为学生,应该多留心并及时予以总结。例如:would rather+动词原形+than+动词原形;prefer to+动词原形+rather than+动词原形;

prefer+V-ing+to+V-ing等。

综上所述,对于英语中的某些结构,同学们应在具体的语言环境中来理解掌握并正确运用,千万不要千篇一律地死搬硬套。

rather than 的用法

rather than 意为“而不是”、“而没有”,侧重客观上的差别,还可以表示“与其??,倒不如(或宁可)??”,侧重句子主语或说话人主观上的选择。句中 rather than 前后一般应为名词、代词、动名词、形容词、谓语动词、动词不定式、介词短语,甚至分句等。下面分别举例说明。

一、接名词

1. He is an artist rather than a politician. 他是位艺术家,而不是政治家。(与其说他是政治家,倒不如说他是艺术家。)

2. We ought to invest in new machinery rather than building.

我们该在新机器上而不是在建筑上投资。

3. I would buy a computer rather than a motor bike. 我要买台电脑,而不是摩托车。

二、接代词

1. It ought to be me rather than you that sign the letter. 在信上签名的该是我,而不是你。

2. The person who should be praised is you rather than me. 该受到表扬的人是你,而不是我。

三、接动名词

1. I always prefer getting up early rather than going to school without breakfast. 我总是愿意早起床,而不愿不吃早饭就去上学。

2. He enjoys reading rather than watching TV. 他喜欢读书而不喜欢看电视。

3. He was engaged in writing rather than reading the newspaper.

他在忙着写东西,而不是在看报纸。

四、接形容词

1. I call her hair chestnut rather than brown.

我宁愿说她的头发是栗色的,而不愿说她的头发是棕色的。

2. Taking exercise every day makes him look younger rather than older.

每天锻炼身体使他显得年轻而不是年老。

3. The colour seems green rather than blue. 这颜色好像是绿的,而不是蓝的。

五、接谓语动词

1. She telephoned rather than wrote. 她打了电话,而没有写信。

2. She cried rather than smiled. 她哭了,而不是笑了。

3. He would die rather than give up smoking. 他宁死也不愿戒烟。

六、接动词不定式

1. I decided to write rather than ( to ) telephone. 我决定写信而不打电话。

2. She likes to keep things rather than ( to ) throw them away.

她喜欢把东西保存起来而不是随手将其扔掉。

3. Rather than go there, I'd prefer to stay here on my own. 我宁愿一个人呆在这儿,而不愿去那儿。

七、接介词短语

1. I'd prefer to go in summer rather than in winter. 我宁愿夏天去,而不愿冬天去。

2. We'll have tea in the garden rather than in the house.

我们要在花园里喝茶而不想在屋里喝茶。

3. She is reading in the library rather than in the classroom.

她正在图书馆里看书而不是在教室里。

八、接分句

1. John went to the seaside yesterday rather than he went where he often goes. 约翰昨天到海滨去了,没到他常去的地方。

2——牛宝宝日记本——. You should help me rather than I should help you. 你应当帮我,而不是我应当帮你。

使用 rather than 时,还应注意以下两点:

1. rather than 很像并列连词。其前后都应是相互对应的词语,但接不定式时,常可省去不定式符号 to 。

2. rather than 也可分开使用,和 would 或 had 构成“ would / had rather ? than ”结构, than 前后也是相互对等的结构。试比较:

( 1 ) She would rather have the small one than the large one. 她宁愿要小的,也不愿要大的。

( 2 ) Tom would rather be liked than feared. 汤姆宁愿受人爱戴,而不愿让人惧怕。

( 3 ) Wouldn't you rather be liked than feared? 你不是宁愿受人爱戴,而不愿让人惧怕吗?

但当 would rather 被用作谓语动词后接宾语从句时,从句中的谓语动词应为虚拟形式。例如:

I'd rather you came tomorrow than today. 我宁愿明天来,而不是今天来。

本文标题:rather than-rather than 后面接动词原形,还是动名词?
本文地址: http://www.61k.com/1130609.html

61阅读| 精彩专题| 最新文章| 热门文章| 苏ICP备13036349号-1